The Seventh Provocative Discovery by Alan MacDonald:
In 1992 Amy Jones, Dr. Paul Duray’s pathology assistant, found Borrelia burgdorferi in the breast milk of infected mothers, and she found B. burgdorferi in the semen of infected men.
While sexual transmission of Lyme disease has been speculated it is a difficult thing to prove cause and effect. Borreliosis is not like syphilis where shortly after sex a noticeable uniquely identifiable rash (chancre) forms. In Lyme it is suspected that it may take months or years to manifest symptoms, but no one has proven sexual transmission in humans.
Work by the legendary veterinarian Dr. Elizabeth Burgess DVM PhD showed in 1990 that dogs infected with Lyme disease were transmitting and infecting female dogs through sexual transmission. Still the proof in humans is lacking. The presence of the bacteria is not proof, but indicates a strong likelihood.
What Alan found was the presence of both B. burgdorferi and B. mayonii in the testicle of a logger from Twig, Minnesota. What is provocative is that this man had been treated almost continuously on antibiotics for the last seven years of his life. Yet he still had live Borrelia in both his brain and testicle. He also had B. miyamotoi in his brain.
The case for sexual transmission is stronger than ever. Borrelia survives in the testicle despite aggressive and prolonged antibiotics.
What this means to the Medical Community?
Lyme disease and some Relapsing Fevers are probably sexually transmitted. Aggressive antibiotics may not be enough to eradicate Borrelia from the testicle. So short of abstinence the best prevention of sexual transmission is the use of a condom between couples. Also treat all Borrelia infections early and aggressively to prevent the establishment of Borrelia in immune privileged sites like the testicles and sequestered sites where antibiotics have less effect.
Above: Large white arrow points to a nematode egg (oval structure) – Spirochetes dwell inside of the egg (green, thread-like structures). 1000 x magnification- Oil immersion. DNA probe for Inner cell membrane ORF of Borrelia burgdorferi ( sl) FAMILY of borrelia sub-species Bbo 0740 Molecular Beacon Dna Probe- FISH method study of autopsy testicle from a Minnesota Man.
Below: Borrelia mayonii species – visualized with DNA probe tagged with Nile Blue fluorochromes – 400x magnification – White arrow
Nematode infestations of the CNS require very careful treatment and monitoring by an experienced physician. Patients should not attempt to self-treat. Some anthelminthics can cause severe inflammatory reactions which might require concomitant steroid treatment in order to avoid a fatal encephalitis.