MS: Parasitic Nematodes with Borrelia Endosymbionts Found in CSF

In 2016, Dr. Alan B. MacDonald detected, for the first time ever, Borrelia endosymbionts inside parasitic nematode worms in the autopsy cerebrospinal fluid of patients who had died of multiple sclerosis.

Click here to view microscope images of the Borrelia and nematode worms in MS.

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